The Abraham Lincoln Award is awarded annually to the author of the book voted as most outstanding by participating students in grades nine through twelve in Illinois. The award is named for Abraham Lincoln, one of Illinois' most famous residents and himself an avid reader and noted author. The award is sponsored by the Illinois School Library Media Association (ISLMA).The Abraham Lincoln Award is designed to encourage high school students to read for personal satisfaction and become familiar with authors of young adult and adult books.
The Newbery Medal was named for 18th-century British bookseller, John Newbery. It is awarded annually by ALA's Association for Library Service to Children to the author of the "most distinguished contribution to American literature for children."